Rights of Individuals: Civil and Political
Bodily Integrity and Security
  Life, Right to Slavery and Forced Labour, Non-Subjection to Security of One's Person, Right to Torture and Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Constitutions
  South African Constitution §11.   Unlike many Constitutions, the right to life is unqualified.  Only the general limitations in §36 are applicable. §13 §12(1) (right to be free from violence, public and private), §12(2) (control over one’s body).  For an overview of applicable  South African constitutional jurisprudence, see de Waal et al., at 230-50. §12(1), also 12(2) as to medical experiments
French 1958 Constitution The Conseil Constitutionnel has found that respect for human life from its beginning is a "fundamental principle" of constitutional status, pursuant to ¶1 of the Preamble to the 1946 Constitution. See Bell, at 71. No explicit provision, but the right to liberty enshrined in Art. 2 of the 1798 Declaration is applicable here. 1798 Declaration Art. 2. 1798 Declaration Art. 8 (punishment only by law and as strictly and obviously necessary).
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms §7 (deprivation only in accordance with "the principles of fundamental justice"), subject to limitation under §33 by express act of Parliament or a provincial legislature. (no provision) §7 (same comments as for right to life) §12 ("cruel or unusual treatment or punishment").  For discussion of this provision, see Meehan et al., at 613-14.
Constitution of Argentina There is no explicit right to life. But see Art. 18 (no death penalty for political crimes). Art. 15 (detailed provisions freeing any existing slaves, making purchase or sale of slaves a crime, etc.). (no provision) Art. 18 (no torture or whipping).
United States Constitution The application of the death penalty must accord with standards created by the courts pursuant to Amendments 5 (no deprivation of life without due process of law), 8 (no cruel or unusual punishment), and 14 (due process clause applicable to the States). See Rotunda, §17.3. Amend. 13 (prohibits slavery and involuntary servitude, except as criminal penalty, and grants Congress the authority to enforce the prohibition).  The courts have interpreted this authority broadly. See Tribe, §5-15. No directly applicable provisions, though narrow aspects of security of the person are protected by the Right to Privacy. 8th Amend. (no "cruel or unusual punishment")
Würzburg Key System (Key has not yet been developed) (same comment) (same comment) (same comment)
Constitution of India Art. 21 (no extrajudicial executions). Art. 23 (prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labor);  Art. 24 (prohibition of hazardous labor by children under age 14); cf. Art. 17, Abolition of Untouchability Suprisingly, there is no explicit provision, through the issue may have been addressed in caselaw. (same comment).
International Instruments
  Universal Declaration of Human Rights Art. 3 (no elaboration) Art. 4 (prohibition of slavery, servitude, and the slave trade) Art. 3 (no elaboration) Art. 5 (language is identical to that in the column heading above)
Int’l Covenant on Civil and Political Rights ICCPR Art. 6, including limitations on death penalty (right to seek pardon, no execution of juveniles or pregnant women). ICCPR Art. 8 (same as in the Universal Declaration, with the addition of a prohibition and definition of "forced or compulsory labor") ICCPR Art. 9(1) ICCPR Art. 7 (identical language to that in the column heading above, with the addition of a reference to medical experimentation)

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