constitutional rights research tool was developed for the Arthur W.
Diamond Law Library at Columbia Law School. Click here for
information on the
researchers, and here for selected
references used. These web pages present in chart form a
comparison of basic human rights as embodied in selected Constitutions
from different world regions and in two major international and regional
human rights instruments.
Each cell in the chart contains a hyperlink to the particular provisions
of the constitution or instrument, if any, that are relevant to a
particular substantive or procedural right. Annotations providing
basic comparative analysis of textual provisions, and referring to current
scholarship, are provided for many entries in the chart.
These Constitutions and instruments have been selected as especially
significant from a jurisprudential perspective. For a comparative
perspective on the influence of foreign law in the development of these
documents and cross-fertilization among them, see the links to each of the
There are three means by which you may access the information contained in
- A listing of
categories of procedural and substantive rights, and
constitutional provisions directly relevant to the enjoyment and
enforcement of these rights. The categories are civil and
political rights, economic and social rights, group rights, limitations
on rights, application and amendment of rights, remedies, and duties.
Each category is subdivided into subcategories which group together a
small number of similar provisions. Each subcategory is displayed in a
separate web page when selected.
index of the constitutional provisions that are analyzed in
- A search function
for key words. This is especially useful when the subject of study
may be related to a number of different rights, such as "detention",
"work", or "expression".
The Constitutions and international instruments that have been analyzed
are listed below. For more information on a document, click on its