Chapter 3: Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
Article 26. Progressive Development
The States Parties undertake to adopt measures, both internally and through
international cooperation, especially those of an economic and technical nature, with a
view to achieving progressively, by legislation or other appropriate means, the full
realization of the rights implicit in the economic, social, educational, scientific, and
cultural standards set forth in the Charter of the Organization of American States as
amended by the Protocol of Buenos Aires.
Chapter 4: Suspension of Guarantees, Interpretation and Pplication
Article 27. Suspension of Guarantees
1.In time of war, public danger, or other emergency that threatens the independence or
security of a State Party, it may take measures derogating from its obligations under the
present Convention to the extent and for the period of time strictly required by the
exigencies of the situation, provided that such measures are not inconsistent with its
other obligations under international law and do not involve discrimination on the ground
of race, color, sex, language, religion, or social origin.
2.The foregoing provision does not authorize any suspension of the following articles:
Article 3 (Right to Juridical Personality), Article 4 (Right to Life), Article 5 (Right to
Humane Treatment), Article 6 (Freedom from Slavery), Article 9 (Freedom from Ex Post Facto
Laws), Article 12 (Freedom of Conscience and Religion), Article 17 (Rights of the Family),
Article 18 (Right to a Name), Article 19 (Rights of the Child), Article 20 (Right to
Nationality), and Article 23 (Right to Participate in Government), or of the judicial
guarantees essential for the protection of such rights.
3.Any State Party availing itself of the right of suspension shall immediately inform
the other States Parties, through the Secretary General of the Organization of American
States, of the provisions the application of which it has suspended, the reasons that gave
rise to the suspension, and the date set for the termination of such suspension.
Article 28. Federal Clause
1.Where a State Party is constituted as a federal state, the national government of
such State Party shall implement all the provisions of the Convention over whose subject
matter it exercises legislative and judicial jurisdiction.
2.With respect to the provisions over whose subject matter the constituent units of the
federal state have jurisdiction, the national government shall immediately take suitable
measures, in accordance with its constitution and its laws, to the end that the competent
authorities of the constituent units may adopt appropriate provisions for the fulfillment
of this Convention.
3.Whenever two or more States Parties agree to form a federation or other type of
association, they shall take care that the resulting federal or other compact contains the
provisions necessary for continuing and rendering effective the standards of this
Convention in the new state that is organized.
Article 29. Restrictions Regarding Interpretation
No provision of this Convention shall be interpreted as: 1.permitting any State Party,
group, or person to suppress the enjoyment or exercise of the rights and freedoms
recognized in this Convention or to restrict them to a greater extent than is provided for
2.restricting the enjoyment or exercise of any right or freedom recognized by virtue of
the laws of any State Party or by virtue of another convention to which one of the said
states is a party;
3.precluding other rights or guarantees that are inherent in the human personality or
derived from representative democracy as a form of government; or
4.excluding or limiting the effect that the American Declaration of the Rights and
Duties of Man and other international acts of the same nature may have.
Article 30. Scope of Restrictions
The restrictions that, pursuant to this Convention, may be placed on the enjoyment or
exercise of the rights or freedoms recognized herein may not be applied except in
accordance with laws enacted for reasons of general interest and in accordance with the
purpose for which such restrictions have been established.
Article 31. Recognition of Other Rights
Other rights and freedoms recognized in accordance with the procedures established in
Articles 76 and 77 may be included in the system of protection of this Convention.
Chapter 5: Personal Responsibilities
Article 32. Relationship between Duties and Rights
1.Every person has responsibilities to his family, his community, and mankind.
2.The rights of each person are limited by the rights of others, by the security of
all, and by the just demands of the general welfare, in a democratic society.