1. States Parties shall accord to women equality with men before the law.
2. States Parties shall accord to women, in civil matters, a legal capacity identical
to that of men and the same opportunities to exercise that capacity. In particular, they
shall give women equal rights to conclude contracts and to administer property and shall
treat them equally in all stages of procedure in courts and tribunals.
3. States Parties agree that all contracts and all other private instruments of any
kind with a legal effect which is directed at restricting the legal capacity of women
shall be deemed null and void.
4. States Parties shall accord to men and women the same rights with regard to the law
relating to the movement of persons and the freedom to choose their residence and
1. States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination
against women in all matters relating to marriage and family relations and in particular
shall ensure, on a basis of equality of men and women:
(a)The same right to enter into marriage;
(b)The same right freely to choose a spouse and to enter into marriage only with their
free and full consent;
(c)The same rights and responsibilities during marriage and at its dissolution;
(d)The same rights and responsibilities as parents, irrespective of their marital
status, in matters relating to their children; in all cases the interests of the children
shall be paramount; (e)The same rights to decide freely and responsibly on the number and
spacing of their children and to have access to the information, education and means to
enable them to exercise these rights;
(f)The same rights and responsibilities with regard to guardianship, wardship,
trusteeship and adoption of children, or similar institutions where these concepts exist
in national legislation; in all cases the interests of the children shall be paramount;
(g)The same personal rights as husband and wife, including the right to choose a family
name, a profession and an occupation;
(h)The same rights for both spouses in respect of the ownership, acquisition,
management, administration, enjoyment and disposition of property, whether free of charge
or for a valuable consideration.
2. The betrothal and the marriage of a child shall have no legal effect, and all
necessary action, including legislation, shall be taken to specify a minimum age for
marriage and to make the registration of marriages in an official registry compulsory.