Valasamma Paul V Cochin University AIR 1996 SC 1011.

Whether a candidate born in forward class ,but subsequently transplanted into backward class by marriage, adoption or any other voluntary act can claim reservation under Art 15(4)or 16(4) ?

Held: No. SCs and BCs suffered social and economic disabilities historically. Therefore they are entitled to reservations .A candidate who had advantageous start in life being born in forward class but is transplanted into backward class by marriage or adoption does not become eligible to the benefit of reservation .Acquisition of status of SC by voluntary mobility into these classes would play fraud on the Constitution and frustrate the constitutional policy.

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