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Freedom of Expression (Art. 16)

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16. (1) Everyone has the right to freedom of expression, which includes -

  1. freedom of the press and other media;
  2. freedom to receive or impart information or ideas;
  3. freedom of artistic creativity; and
  4. academic freedom and the freedom of scientific research

(2) The rights in subsection (1) does not extend to -

  1. propaganda for war;
  2. incitement of imminent violence; or
  3. advocacy of hatred that is based on race, ethnicity, gender, or religion, and that constitutes incitement to cause harm.


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Defamation Law in Australia
Freedom of Speech Law
Hate Speech v. Free Speech
Racial Hatred Act
State Racial Vilification Laws


Canadian Fundamental Freedoms Law

European Union
European Conv. for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms


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Namibian Fundamental Freedoms

United States


Pertinent Constitution Article

Wuerzburg University Key System

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